- Russia poses the most significant and direct threat to NATO Allies security
- NATO will be devising three-pronged strategy i.e. (a) deterrence and defence, (b) crisis prevention and management and (c) cooperative security
- Allies agreed to spend at least 2 per cent of GDP on defence by 2024
- Launch of Innovation Fund for investing EUR 1 billion over period of next 15 years in dual-use technology
During their three-day meeting in Madrid, NATO members confronted a geopolitical landscape marked by big-power competition and myriad threats, from cyberattacks to climate change and common understanding that world would be unstable as well as dangerous if NATO does not remain strong and united
Madrid Summit will be recognised as an important event in the history of NATO as NATO leaders formally invited Finland and Sweden to join the alliance, after striking an agreement to end opposition from Turkey. New Zealand, Japan, Australia, and the Republic of Korea also joined the NATO summit for the first time for deepening cooperation and addressing global challenges
Leaders at the summit have jointly shared their views in the form of Summit declaration, expressing that Russia poses the most significant and direct threat to NATO Allies security and to peace and stability in the Euro-Atlantic area. US & Western Countries also faces competition from China, which is undermining the rules-based international order and challenging allies’ interests and security.
China and Russia are resorting to Hybrid warfare tactics and making the malicious use of disruptive technologies for posing cyber, space and other types of asymmetric threats to members. NATO members will continue to counter terrorism in line with the international law.
To achieve the objective, NATO will be devising three-pronged strategy for (a) deterrence and defence, (b) crisis prevention and management and (c) cooperative security. Future work of NATO will be based on this strategy and will help in maintaining transatlantic solidarity. This includes setting a new baseline for NATO’s deterrence and defence posture.
It will continue to protect populations and always defend every inch of Allied territory. Deterrence and defence will be significantly strengthened across the land, air, maritime, cyber, and space domains, and against all threats and challenges.
For strengthening deterrence and forward defences and for preventing aggression against NATO territory, Allies are committed to deploy additional combat-ready forces and will strengthen and modernise the NATO Force Structure
Some of the key decisions included agreement on funding. Allies agreed to spend at least 2 per cent of GDP on defence by 2024. On climate change, NATO as an organisation has agreed to cut greenhouse gas emissions by at least 45 per cent by 2030 and further reducing it to net zero by 2050. NATO launch Innovation Fund for investing EUR 1 billion over period of next 15 years in dual-use technology e.g. artificial intelligence